Published on Feb 15, 2016
India has the twelfth largest economy in the world. It has Purchasing Power Parity GDP at 1.5 trillion US Dollars, with a per capita income of 4,542 US Dollars. The process of privatization in India is continuous.
Following strong economic reforms from the socialist inspired economy of a post-independence Indian nation, the country began to develop a fast-paced economic growth, as free market principles were initiated in 1990 for international competition and foreign investment. India is an emerging economic power with a very large pool of human and natural resources, and a growing large pool of skilled professionals. Economists predict that by 2020, India will be among the leading economies of the world. According to the BRIC report, India will be the second largest economy after china by 2043. (Source: www. ezinearticles.com )
Economic reforms brought foreign competition, led to privatization of certain public sector industries, opened up sectors hitherto reserved for the public sector and led to an expansion in the production of fast-moving consumer goods. (Source: www. itsena.org )
Business services (information technology, information technology enabled services, business process outsourcing) are among the fastest growing sectors contributing to one third of the total output of services in 2000. The growth in the IT sector is attributed to increased specialization, and an availability of a large pool of low cost, but highly skilled, educated and fluent English-speaking workers, on the supply side, matched on the demand side by an increased demand from foreign consumers interested in India's service exports, or those looking to outsource their operations. The share of India's IT industry to the country's GDP increased from 4.8 % in 2005-06 to 7% in 2008 .In 2009, seven Indian firms were listed among the top 15 technology outsourcing companies in the world. In March 2009, annual revenues from outsourcing operations in India amounted to US$60 billion and this is expected to increase to US$225 billion by 2020.
The population who speaks English keeps growing, making India more appealing to the United Kingdom or the United States. The service sector is rapidly expanding. India now exports the services of more and more IT professionals. There has been a real boom in the IT industry, helping Indian economy grow at a considerable rate. In 2007, this growth rate was around 20%. India is also expected to make considerable progress in other areas such as pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, tourism, aviation, telecommunications or biotechnology.
Agriculture Contribution to GDP
Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP had been growing earlier but in the last few years it is constantly declining. Still, the Growth Rate of Agriculture in India GDP in the share of the country's GDP remains the biggest economic sector in the country. India GDP means the total value of all the services and goods that are produced within the territory of the nation within the specified time period. The country has the GDP of around US$ 1.09 trillion in 2007 and this makes the Indian economy the twelfth biggest in the whole world. The growth rate of India GDP is 9.4% in 2006- 2007. The agricultural sector has always been an important contributor to the India GDP. This is due to the fact that the country is mainly based on the agriculture sector and employs around 60% of the total workforce in India. The agricultural sector contributed around 18.6% to India GDP in 2005.
Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP in spite of its decline in the share of the country's GDP plays a very important role in the all round economic and social development of the country. The Growth Rate of the Agriculture Sector in India GDP grew after independence for the government of India placed special emphasis on the sector in its five-year plans. Further the Green revolution took place in India and this gave a major boost to the agricultural sector for irrigation facilities, provision of agriculture subsidies and credits, and improved technology. This in turn helped to increase the Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP.
Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP has slowed down for the production in this sector has reduced over the years. The agricultural sector has had low production due to a number of factors such as illiteracy, insufficient finance, and inadequate marketing of agricultural products. Further the reasons for the decline in Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP are that in the sector the average size of the farms is very small which in turn has resulted in low productivity. Also the Growth Rate of the Agricultural Sector in India GDP has declined due to the fact that the sector has not adopted modern technology and agricultural practices. Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP has also decreased due to the fact that the sector has insufficient irrigation facilities. As a result of this the farmers are dependent on rainfall, which is however very unpredictable. Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP has declined over the years. The Indian government must take steps to boost the agricultural sector for this in its turn will lead to the growth of Agriculture Growth Rate in India GDP.
Services Sector Growth Rate in India GDP has been very rapid in the last few years. The Services Sector contributes the most to the Indian GDP. The Growth Rate of the Services Sector in India GDP has risen due to several reasons and it has also given a major boost to the Indian economy .
India gross domestic product (GDP) means the total value of all the services and goods that are manufactured within the territory of the nation during the specified period of time. The Services Sector contributes the most to the Indian GDP. The Sector of Services in India has the biggest share in the country's GDP for it accounts for around 53.8% in 2005. The contribution of the Services Sector in India GDP has increased a lot in the last few years. The Services Sector contributed only 15% to the Indian GDP in 1950. Further the Indian Services Sector's share in the country's GDP has increased from 43.695 in 1990- 1991 to around 51.16% in 1998- 1999. This shows that the Services Sector in India accounts for over half of the country's GDP. Services Sector Growth Rate in India GDP registered a significant growth over the past few years. The Indian government must take steps in order to ensure that Services Sector Growth Rate in India GDP continues to rise. For this will ensure the growth and prosperity of the country's economy.