Comparative Analysis of NPA of Public Sector Banks,Private S

MBA Business Finance Management Dissertation Ideas, Economics Projects Topics Thesis Ideas and Abstracts in PDF, DOC, PPT

Comparative Analysis of NPA of Public Sector Banks,Private S

Postby Anup V » Tue Aug 07, 2012 11:15 pm

[justify]The banking industry has undergone a sea change after the first phase of economic liberalization in 1991 and hence credit management. While the primary function of banks is to lend funds as loans to various sectors such as agriculture, industry, personal loans, housing loans etc., in recent times the banks have become very cautious in extending loans. The reason being mounting non-performing assets (NPAs). An NPA is defined as a loan asset, which has ceased to generate any income for a bank whether in the form of interest or principal repayment. As per the prudential norms suggested by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), a bank cannot book interest on an NPA on accrual basis. In other words, such interests can be booked only when it has been actually received. Therefore, an NPA account not only reduces profitability of banks by provisioning in the profit and loss account, but their carrying cost is also increased which results in excess & avoidable management attention. Apart from this, a high level of NPA also puts strain on a banks net worth because banks are under pressure to maintain a desired level of Capital Adequacy and in the absence of comfortable profit level, banks eventually look towards their internal financial strength to fulfill the norms thereby slowly eroding the net worth.

When a borrower, who is under a liability to pay to secured creditors, makes any default in repayment of secured debt or any installment thereof, the account of borrower is classified as nonperforming assets (NPA) .NPAs cannot be used for any productive purposes because they reflect the application of scarce capital and credit funds. Continued growth in NPA threatens the repayment capacity of the banks and erodes the confidence reposed by them in the banks. In fact high level of NPAs has an adverse impact on the financial strength of the banks who in the present era of globalization, are required to conform to stringent International Standards. “Non Performing Asset” means an asset or account of a borrower, which has been classified by bank or financial institution as substandard, doubtful or loan asset.


 To study of the concept of Non Performing Asset in Indian perspective.
 To study NPA standard of RBI
 To study the Reasons for & Impact of NPAs
 To evaluate the efficiency in managing Non Performing Asset of different types of banks (Public, Private & Foreign banks) using NPA ratios & comparing NPA with profits.
 To check the proportion of NPA of different types of banks in different categories.

The research design that will be use is Descriptive Research.
 Involves gathering data that describe events and then organizes, tabulates, depicts, and describes the data.
 Uses description as a tool to organize data into patterns that emerge during analysis.
 Often uses visual aids such as graphs and charts to aid the reader.
 Using of hypothesis testing.
Anup V
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