Autopilot is a system of automatic controls which holds the aircraft on any selected magnetic heading. In this project our goal is to control the roll angle of the aircraft in the auto pilot system.
Aircraft is controlled by three main surfaces: 1) AILERON 2) RUDDER 3) ELEVATOR The ailerons are important flight control surfaces present on aircraft. They are small hinged portion present on the outboard section of the wing. These surfaces are movable which control the motion of the longitudinal axis known as roll. They are used to produce the rolling movement for an aircraft.
Actuator is the tool which aims the process to offer the output. Hence the Aileron Actuator is the tool that forms the ailerons motions. The Gyro or heading indicator can be found in an aircraft to intimate the pilot where he is heading. It functions on gyroscope available with the aircraft horizontal.
Flight dynamics is about the air and space science vehicle orientation which manages in three dimensions. The aircraft roll control consists of components and functions like controller gain, aileron actuator, aircraft dynamics, and gyro. The auto pilot system decreases the work burden of pilot. The pilot roll control removes the exhaustion to control the aircraft by the pilot. The system is used for auto missiles to manage the roll angle. It enables the aircraft for the control of auto pilot.
On the trailing edge of the vertical stabilizer is the Rudder . This controls the yaw or the left/right sliding movements of the aircraft. On a real aircraft, this is controlled by the foot pedals. When the pilot pushes the left pedal, the rudder deflects left. Pushing the right pedal causes the rudder to deflect right. The elevator is on the tail of the aircraft, moving the elevator causes the nose of the aircraft to go up or down, allowing the aircraft to climb or descent.. Elevators control the up/down motion of aircraft that is called as pitch. When the pilot pulls the stick backward, the elevators go up. Pushing the stick forward causes the elevators to go down.