Project Topics

www.projecttopics.info

Engineering Projects

Automatic Pneumatic Bumper and Break Actuation before Collision


Published on Feb 12, 2017

Abstract

The technology of pneumatics plays a major role in the field of automation and modern machine shops and space robots. The aim is to design and develop a control system based intelligent electronically controlled automotive bumper activation and automatic braking system is called AUTOMATIC PNEUMATIC BUMPER AND BREAK ACTUATION BEFORE COLLISION.

This project consists of IR transmitter and Receiver circuit, Control Unit, Pneumatic bumper system and pneumatic braking system. The IR sensor senses the obstacle. There is any obstacle closer to the vehicle (within 1 feet), the control signal is given to the bumper activation system and also pneumatic braking system simultaneously.

The pneumatic bumper andbraking system is used to product the man and vehicle. This bumper and braking activation system is only activated the vehicle speed above 20 km per hour. This vehicle speed is sensed by the IR sensor and this signal is given to the control unit and pneumatic bumper and braking activation system.

INTRODUCTION:

We have pleasure in introducing our project “AUTOMATIC PNEUMATIC BUMPER AND BREAK ACTUATION BEFORECOLLISION”. Which is fully equipped by IR sensors circuit and Pneumatic bumper and braking activation circuit? It is the project which has been fully equipped and designed for auto vehicles. The technology of pneumatics plays a major role in the field of automation and modern machine shops and space robots. The aim is to design and develop a control system based on intelligent electronically controlled automotive bumper activation system is called “automatic pneumatic bumper and break actuation before collision”.

The project consists of IR transmitter and Receiver circuit, Control Unit, Pneumatic bumper system. The IR sensor senses the obstacle. There is any obstacle closer to the vehicle (within 1feet), the control signal is given to the bumper and break activation system. This bumper activation system is activated when the vehicle speed above 20 km per hour. The speed is sensed by the IR sensor and this signal is transfer to the control unit and pneumatic bumper activation system.

WORKING PRINCIPLE:

The compressed air from the compressor at the pressure of 5 to 7bar is passed through a pipe connected to the Solenoid valve with one input. The Solenoid Valve is actuated with Control Timing Unit. The Solenoid valve has two outputs and one input. The air entering into the input goes out through the two outputs when the timing control unit is actuated. Due to the high air pressure at the bottom of the piston, the air pressure below the piston is more than the pressure above the piston. So these moves the piston rod upwards which move up the effort are, which is pivoted by control unit. This force acting is passed on to punch/rivet which also moves downwards.

The IR TRANSMITTER circuit is to transmit the Infra-Red rays. If any obstacle is there in a path, the Infra-Red rays reflected. This reflected Infra-Red rays are received by the receiver circuit is called “IR RECEIVER”. The IR receiver circuit receives the reflected IR rays and giving the control signal to the control circuit. The control circuit is used to activate the solenoid valve.

The operating principle of solenoid valve is alreadyIf the solenoid valve is activated, the compressed air passes to the Single Acting Pneumatic Cylinder. The compressed air activates the pneumatic cylinder and moves the piston rod. If the piston moves forward, then the breaking arrangement activated.

The breaking arrangement is used to break the wheel gradually or suddenly due to the piston movement. The breaking speed is varied by adjusting the valve is called “FLOW CONTROL VALVE”. In our project, we have to apply this breaking arrangement in one wheel as a model. The compressed air drawn from the compressor in our project. The compressed air flow through the Polyurethane tube to the flow control valve.

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Automatic Pneumatic Bumper

Automatic Pneumatic Bumper

ADVANTAGES:

1. It able to Increase the sureness in braking system.

2. Braking system able to give fast response.

3. System able to increase the pre-crash safety.

4. System able to provide more safety to the passengers.

5. System plays an important role to save human

6. Life in road accidents.

LIMITATIONS:

1. System has few limitations in densely traffic road.

2. System has no provision to prevent and cure the accidents from rear side of vehicle.

3. Hard and thick materials cannot be riveted.

4. Due to the linkages there will be frictional losses.

5. Maintenance will be more due to the number of moving parts.

6. Stroke length is fixed.

APPLICATIONS:

1. This system may be applicable in all types of light vehicles like cars, Rickshaws, Tempos.

2. This system also successfully installed in the heavy vehicles like buses, trucks, trailers, etc.








Related Projects